The "Caucasian" style of architecture refers to the architectural traditions and styles characteristic of the Caucasus region, which encompasses various peoples and cultures. The architecture of this region reflects its rich heritage and centuries-old history.
One of the features of Caucasian architecture is its harmonious integration with the surrounding landscape. The diverse terrain of the Caucasus, including high mountains, meadows, and valleys, influences the choice of materials and building forms. Therefore, the use of wood, stone, and earth is common in Caucasian architecture.
Traditional Caucasian houses have single or two-story structures with flat roofs. They can be constructed from wood, stone, or a combination of materials. The facades of the houses may be adorned with wood or stone carvings, and the windows feature wooden grilles or geometric ornaments.
Caucasian architecture also stands out for its church structures. The region has a rich heritage of Christian architecture, including Orthodox and Armenian churches. Churches can have domed shapes with bell towers and tall spires. They are often decorated with frescoes, depictions of saints, and carvings.
Ornamentation is an important part of the design of buildings in Caucasian architecture. It can include geometric patterns, plant motifs, animals, and symbolic elements. These ornaments often express the local culture, customs, and beliefs of the peoples of the Caucasus.